Forming a new sect of species, for its good and bad, genetic engineering brought new concepts that could trigger our futuristic history.


Playing God

The ability to change an organism’s genetic makeup through genetic engineering raises important concerns regarding humanity’s place in the natural order. In a lot of science fiction stories, scientists are portrayed as godlike characters who have the power to shape life to fit their desires. The arrogance involved in these behaviors highlights the dilemma of ethics that arises from attempting to control the basic components of life.

Movie Example: “Frankenstein”

In “Frankenstein,” Dr. Victor Frankenstein arrogates the power to create life by stitching together body parts and animating his creation through scientific means. Driven by ambition and hubris, Frankenstein usurps the role of a deity, ultimately unleashing a monstrous being that defies his control. The film serves as a classic cautionary tale about the dangers of playing god and the ethical dilemmas inherent in wielding unchecked scientific power.

Genetic Discrimination

Discrimination based on genetic makeup becomes possible when genetic features may be altered. In dystopian stories such as “Gattaca,” people are oppressed and alienated due to their genetic predispositions, which sustain social structures based on the idea of genetic superiority. Concerns about access to genetic improvements increase existing disparities, raising the possibility of genetic discrimination in our reality.

Movie Example: “The Island”

In “The Island,” a futuristic society clones humans for organ harvesting. The clones are kept in isolation and ignorant of their true purpose, treated as mere commodities rather than individuals with inherent dignity and rights. The film explores themes of genetic discrimination as the clones rebel against their oppressive circumstances and fight for their right to autonomy and freedom from exploitation.

Loss of Genetic Diversity

The diversity of life on Earth could be homogenized by genetic engineering in Sci-Fi, destroying the complex structure of life. Science fiction stories such as “Jurassic Park” warn against the foolishness of meddling with the fragile equilibrium of ecosystems and the unanticipated repercussions that can arise from genetic manipulation. To protect the adaptability of life on Earth, maintaining genetic diversity is both an ethical requirement and an issue of ecological management.

Movie Example: “Annihilation”

In “Annihilation,” a mysterious shimmering force alters the genetics of all life forms within its boundaries, resulting in bizarre mutations and the blurring of genetic boundaries. The film explores the consequences of genetic tampering on biodiversity, as the shimmer threatens to engulf and assimilate all life into a singular, genetically homogeneous entity. “Annihilation” serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of tampering with the genetic code and the potential loss of genetic diversity.

Consent and Autonomy

In the context of genetic engineering in Sci-Fi, the ethical precept of informed consent becomes more complex. People are genetically altered against their will in stories like “Brave New World,” which raises important concerns about agency and autonomy. Similar worries are raised in contemporary reality by the possibility of designer offspring, underscoring the necessity of strong ethical frameworks to control the application of genetic technologies.

Movie Example: “Never Let Me Go”

“Never Let Me Go” portrays a dystopian society where clones are created for the sole purpose of providing organ donations. These clones are raised in isolation and denied autonomy over their bodies and destinies. The film poignantly explores themes of consent and autonomy, as the clones grapple with their predetermined fates and struggle to assert their humanity in the face of systemic dehumanization and exploitation.

Unintended Consequences

There are many cautionary tales in science fiction literature about the unintended repercussions of unsuccessful genetic engineering projects. Genetic code manipulation carries several hazards, including the possibility of viral pandemics and mutant monsters. Even if there might not be Hollywood-style disasters as a result of genetic engineering in the real world, the possibility of unforeseen effects makes it crucial to proceed with caution and foresight in our quest for scientific advancement.

Movie Example: “Splice”

“Splice” follows two genetic engineers who splice together human and animal DNA to create a hybrid creature named Dren. Initially intended as a scientific breakthrough, Dren’s existence quickly spirals out of control as her unpredictable nature leads to a series of unforeseen and increasingly disturbing consequences. The film serves as a cautionary tale about the dangers of unchecked genetic experimentation and the unforeseen ethical dilemmas that arise from tampering with the genetic code.

Socioeconomic Implications

Hard ethical problems about socioeconomic inequality are brought up by the availability of genetic engineering in Sci-Fi. It is common to read about a dystopian future in stories like “Elysium,” in which the rich elite benefits from genetic improvements while the general populace lives in destitution and poverty. An even greater threat to current injustices and inequalities is the possibility of a genetic caste system as genetic technologies become more and more commercialized.

Movie Example: “In Time”

In “In Time,” society has evolved to the point where time has become the primary currency, and individuals stop aging at 25 but must earn more time to stay alive. The wealthy hoard time, effectively granting themselves immortality, while the poor struggle to survive day to day. The film explores the socioeconomic implications of genetic engineering by portraying a world where access to genetic enhancements and longevity is a privilege reserved for the affluent elite, exacerbating disparities between the haves and the have-nots.


Genetic engineering presents a wide range of complex ethical issues in addition to the new opportunities it presents. By examining the fantastical worlds of science fiction, we can learn important lessons about the ethical obligations that come with our newly acquired ability to alter genetic code. We must exercise caution as we make our way through the exciting new field of biotechnology, keeping in mind the values of fairness, empathy, and moral foresight. We can only ensure that technological advancement benefits mankind rather than harming it by wisely and humbly addressing the ethical dilemmas raised by genetic engineering.

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